Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)
Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) is a short-term form of psychotherapy that helps clients to identify self-defeating thoughts and feelings, challenge the rationality of those feelings, and replace them with healthier, more productive beliefs. The focus on rational emotive behavior therapy is on the present time to help understand how the unhealthy thoughts and beliefs can create emotional distress. This can lead to unhealthy actions and behaviors which interfere with current life goals. Once the ability to identify and understand these negative thoughts and actions can be changed and replaced with more positive behavior allowing for the development or more successful relationships.
This method of therapy can help you to cope with negative emotions including anxiety, guilt, depression, and inappropriate or extreme anger. The therapist will work with you to help you manage and overcome difficulties or to achieve life goals by identifying the thought patterns and beliefs that are preventing you from creating change in your life. Through the use of mental exercises, you will learn methods to cope with negative thoughts and replace them with healthier and more constructive self-accepting thoughts.
Rational emotive behavior therapy was developed from the work of psychiatrist Albert Ellis in the mid-1950’s and is the original form of cognitive-behavioral therapy. It was believed by Ellis that most people are unaware that many of their thoughts about themselves are irrational and negatively affect the ways in which they behave in relationships and situations. This leads people to suffer from negative emotions and the engagement of self-destructive behavior.
People are capable of changing their irrational beliefs, if they are willing to put in the necessary work. There are specific life events that can contribute to mental health issues, therapists practicing REBT believe that the individual’s own faulty and irrational beliefs lead to most problems. Individuals can let get of these negative thoughts and replace them with positive beliefs, resulting in a happier life.